Lakshmi Puja include puja of five deities:
Shri Ganesha is worshiped first as usual to do auspicious start as Vighnaharta;
Lakshmi maata is worshiped in 3 forms - Mahalakshmi (the goddess of wealth and money),
Saraswati maata (the goddess of education, wisdom)
Kuber (the treasurer of the gods) is also worshiped at end .
On this day "Lakshmi-panchayatan" enters the Universe. Sri Vishnu, Sri Indra, Sri Kuber, Sri Gajendra and Sri Lakshmi are elements of this "panchayatan" (a group of five). The tasks of these elements are:
* Vishnu: Happiness (happiness and satisfaction).
* Indra: Opulence (satisfaction , wealth).
* Kuber: Wealth (one who gives away wealth).
* Gajendra: Carries the wealth.
* Lakshmi: Divine Energy (Shakti) which provides energy to all the above activities.
The third day of the festival of Diwali is the most important day of Lakshmi-puja and is entirely devoted to the propitiation of Goddess Lakshmi. On this very day sun enters his second course and passes Libra which is represented by the balance or scale. Hence, this design of Libra is believed to have suggested the balancing of account books and their closing. Despite the fact that this day falls on an amavasya day it is regarded as the most auspicious.
The day of Lakshmi-Puja falls on the dark night of Amavasya. The strains of joyous sounds of bells and drums float from the temples as man is invoking Goddess Laxmi in a wondrous holy "pouring-in" of his heart. All of a sudden that impenetrable darkness is pierced by innumerable rays of light for just a moment and the next moment a blaze of light descends down to earth from heaven as golden-footed Deep-Lakshmi alights on earth in all her celestial glory amidst chantings of Vedic hymns.
A sublime light of knowledge dawns upon humanity and this self enlightenment is expressed through the twinkling lamps that illuminate the palaces of thewealthy as well as the lowly abodes of the poor. It is believed that on this day Lakshmi walks through the green fields and loiters through the bye-lanes and showers her blessings on man for plenty and prosperity.
Lakshmi Pooja, or the worship of the goddess of wealth, is the main event on Diwali in North and West India. It is mportant to keep the house spotlessly clean on Diwali Day and in night. It is belived Goddess Lakshmi visit clean, decorated house. Goddess Lakshmi likes cleanliness, and she will visit the cleanest house first. This is also the reason why the broom is worshiped on this day with offerings of haldi and kumkum (turmeric and vermilion). Lamps are lit in the evening to welcome the goddess. Lamps are believed to light up Her path.
More details of Lakshmi Puja